Since those beginning years, I have learned a great deal about understanding objectives of lessons and how to articulate them. Let me share with you an abbreviated version of how to write objectives.
First, look at your lesson and decide what it is you want students to know and to be able to do as a result of the learning experience.
Second, write--"Students will know... and be able to...
Objectives should be specific, observable, measurable and contain verbs, such as the ones listed below:
Cite, Choose, Define, Label, List Locate, Match, Name, Arrange, Classify, Describe, Diagram, Draw, Explain, Identify, Apply, Demonstrate, Illustrate, Interpret, Predict, Categorize, Differentiate, Predict, Conclude, Critique, Support, Evaluate, Contrast, Interpret, Solve, Prove, Research, Write, State, Discuss, Estimate, Summarize, Analyze.
There are many more verbs that can be used to describe what students will know and be able to do, this is just a few.
- Students will know and be able to state five facts about the planet Mars.
- Students will know how to solve an algorithm in division with 5 digit numbers and be able to solve 10 division algorithms.
- Students will be able to define a persuasive essay and write a 3 paragraph persuasive essay.
- Students will know 3 shapes and 4 colors and be able to use the vocabulary in describing a picture.
- Students will know how to summarize a story and be able to use a summarizing graphic organizer.
Of course, you need to translate objectives into kid friendly language. For younger students, giving the objective in verbal form is more appropriate than writing on a chart/smart board. For older students, posting the objectives, and verbally giving them, is important.
Your students will pay much more attention to the lesson because they know what they will need to know and be able to do after the lesson. It is so much better to have them have this information than to have them sitting in front of you trying to guess what's on your mind.
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